The United Kingdom is made up of four smaller nations: England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland.
The United Kingdom is roughly the same size as the state of Oregon.
The United Kingdom has a population of 61 million people. (#22 in the world.)
The United Kingdom's economy is 6th largest in the world.
The form of government is a constitutional monarchy. The current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II.
The state church is the Church of England (also called the Anglican church). It is the same as the Episcopal church in the United States. The Church of England broke away from the Catholic church in 1534 under King Henry VIII. The official head of the Church of England is the monarch. The highest ranking member of the clergy is the Archbishop of Canterbury.
The largest Christian denominations in the UK are as follows: Church of England, Catholic church, Pentecostals.
Between 2004 and 2008, the number of people who considered themselves Christians (all denominations) dropped by 2 million. In contrast, the number of Muslims increased by 500,000.*
Only 20% of Christians say their faith is important to their identity. Over 50% of all other religions said their faith was important to their identity.*
Based on attendance numbers, less than 10% of the population are practicing Christians (all denominations).*
The largest age group of Christians were those over the age of 70.*
Only 17% of people in the UK "are sure" God exists.~
37% of people are agnostic or atheist.~
62% of people "never" attend religious services.~
31% of people are not religious: don't believe in God, don't identify with any religion, don't attend any religious services. Conversely, only 26% of the population is religious.~
London, England is the capital of the United Kingdom.
London has a population of approximate 8 million. The London metropolitan area has a population of 12-14 million.
London is the largest city in the European Union and is one of the leading world financial centers.
London is a global melting pot. 31% of London's population are immigrants. Over 50 immigrant groups have a population of 10,000 or more. Over 300 different languages are spoken in London.
London has the lowest proportion of Christians of any part of the country.* 20% of the population of London actively practices a religion other than Christianity. Nearly 50% practice no religion.+
56% of Jews, 52% of Hindus, 38% of Muslims, and 36% of Buddhists who reside in the United Kingdom, live in London.*
London was the host for the 2012 Summer Olympics.
* UK Office of National Statistics ~ National Center for Social Research + 2007 Tearfund Survey, "Churchgoing in the UK"